common core math preschooler

The concept of Common Core math was founded to solve one major problem: to help children navigate through school, college and even work by applying their problem solving and critical thinking skills. The idea behind this was to emphasize on the importance of the problem-solving process and how a child reaches a certain conclusion as opposed to the age-old focus on how much a child knows and can memorize.

Common Core standards don’t exist only for pre-shcoolers, but are also for teachers and parents, so that they can help their children hone their mathematical and analytical skills for when start kindergarten. So, in order to help your children prepare for the next phase of their lives, let’s start by taking a look at some basic math skills expected of pre-schoolers when they start kindergarten:

  • Read, recite and write numbers from 0-20
  • Basic addition and subtraction of numbers from 0-10
  • Identification of shapes
  • Understanding of time and measurements
  • Organization of objects as per recurring patterns
  • Creation of patterns

So, here’s how you can help your child prepare for the concepts mentioned above using the Common Core system:

1. Make Numbers a Routine

common core math - counting toys

Introduce your children to numbers by incorporating them into everyday activities like making them count the number of steps they climbed or the number of toys they have. You can also split the toys and ask them to add and subtract to and from each group to understand the concept of more and less.

2. Spatial Recognition for Common Core Math

Once you show them the basic shapes, start asking them to identify these shapes in everyday objects. You can ask them to point out the various shapes they see at the park or when they’re in the jungle gym. Use words that describe space, that reflect relationship between them and the space, such as: over, under, inside, outside, around etc.

3. Basic Concepts of Measurements

common core math - measuring

While pre-schoolers are not expected to be able to measure distances or read the time, they are expected to understand how different things are measured differently. You can do so in multiple ways, for instance, maintain a log of their height and explain the difference in their height from the last time you measured them. You can also cook basic meals like pancakes and explain to them how different portions of various ingredients are required to make them, like two cups of flour and one cup of sugar, etc.

4. Awareness of Patterns and Sets

Being able to recognize and create patterns is the core of all mathematical concepts. To enhance your children’s knowledge and understanding of the subject, they need to be able to identify, and sort similar objects into their corresponding groups. You can use building blocks and ask them to sort them first by shape, then by size or color and so on.

common core math - building blocks

As a parting word of advice, make sure you explain to your child, the logic behind a particular concept and not just introduce it to them. Also, when talking about problems and solutions with your child, ask them about what made them arrive at a certain conclusion or made them take a particular decision. Walk through their thought process with them and show them where they were right and where they needed improvement.

You can make them understand common core math in a fun way. Some ways like by playing math games, conducting group activities for learning math and promoting an environment of wholesome learning work wonders.